In order to begin teaching children minutes to the hour, make the link between quarter past, half past and the :15 and :30 versions. Then use :45 to point out the discrepancy.
We say 45 minutes past 9 but a quarter to 10. On the cube clock, count in 5s anti clockwise from 12 back to 7, writing these numbers to form a third ring.
Then, point to number 11. Say ‘When the minute hand points to 11, this shows it is 55 minutes past the hour but 5 minutes to the next hour.’
Next point to 10. Say, ‘when the minute hand points to 10, this shows it is 50 minutes past the hour but 10 minutes to the next hour’, and so on up to 25.
As previously, do this on two clocks. Read the hour first, then give the time in minutes past, then finally in minutes to, reminding students that as it is ‘to’ the next hour. Again, allow plenty of practice before swapping to both hands on the same clock (and then lots more practice!)
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